Embedded computer

Embedded computer

What do you mean by embedded computer 

An embedded computer is a microprocessor that has been programmed intelligently to carry out certain kinds of functions. You will see that the embedded computers comprise both software and hardware. You can trace their importance in Some of the daily usable items such as automotive, camera, and cell phones. 

  • Notable advantages of the embedded computer 

The Configuration of the desktop computer is different from the embedded computer. It is a fact that embedded computers are quite advantageous for the sectors like agricultural, industrial, and military. 

  • Extremely trustworthy 

Then embedded computers are quite trustworthy especially when you think of deploying them to carry out secretive missions in the military. They are so designed to withstand any type of request and can stand still against any environmental conditions that incorporate uneven terrains and extreme temperatures ranging from 30 to 70 degrees. The best thing about the embedded computer is that it can resist humidity and dust as well. 

  • Power resistance 

You should know that an embedded computer is programmed to work round the clock which is why it comes with light and robust software dedicated to working for such long hours. Thus this minimizes the need for drawing immense processing power. They do not rely on any kind of machine that tends to consume more power. 

  • Compact size 

The embedded computers are deduced from sizeable devices that are why they use small-sized motherboard. A look through its design will give the hint that they use high-end cooling systems and enclosed architecture that makes them get that compact look. Engineers used the principle of thermodynamic to let the embedded computers cool down rather than using fans. 

Examples of embedded computers 

Embedded computers are used in different fields such as space exploration, digital signage, self automation. You can get the embedded computers in different shapes and types because of their arrays of applicability. For instance, you can have them in PC panels, small-sized pcs, industrial PC boxes, IoT gateways, industrial rackmount servers 

Machines used in daily lives such as calculators, elevators, printers, vending machines very much rely on embedded computers. 

Aspects of embedded computers 

Though learned that embedded computers are quite noticeable for their contribution in different fields. Still, there are certain aspects that you should pay heed to understand in a better way. 

  • Indirect cooling method 

Remember that no mechanical fans are installed to let the embedded computers cool down. Rather they use heat sinks and pipes. Embedded computers allow the acrid heat to dissipate into the atmosphere using low thermal design power. No doubt this quality makes an embedded computer a congenial one for the areas with uncontrollable temperature. 

  • Robust design 

The robust architecture of embedded computers shields them from vibration, shock and allows them comfortably resist the high voltage condition. These significant “, aspects ensure that the embedded computers do not fail to offer enduring results. They also offer stability in the form of wide voltage protection in places where the sudden rise in voltage is an issue. 

  • Reliable and limited maintenance 

As said earlier that embedded computers do not depend on any kind of cables or fans which is why they are reliable to use. Moreover, you don’t have to worry about maintenance as well. Additionally, the chance of having damaged components is also quite less. The embedded computers can perform quite well in unfavorable conditions. Most importantly it outnumbers many when it comes to working 24 by 7. 

  • Self dedicated 

The embedded computers are architectured in such a way that is capable of adopting customized software. This reduces the dependency on the additional hardware. For instance, you can consider the Win 10 IoT version of windows that particularly focuses to work with IoT applications and embedded computers. It offers constant support to the developer at the same time keeps them informed. 

  • Less consumption of power 

The processors used in embedded computers are completely powered efficiently. Precisely it takes care that the components located internally don’t emit much of the heat. It also discards the usage of moving components like fans. That in general reduces the power consumption and the expenditure. 

  • Knowledge about the internet of things 

One can use artificial intelligence, edge computing, and machine learning along with embedded computers to change their products. In support of the processing ability of the embedded computers the IoT does garner all the sensitive information Note that later this information is scrutinized to get the desired output. It is quite significant as they allow companies to enhance their level of productivity and to improvise their way of doing business. 

Different Types of embedded computer 

  • The rugged industrial box PC 

This type of embedded computer is robustly designed. Also fortified with a case so that they remain safe in unfavorable temperature conditions. Mostly crafted from anodized aluminum that makes them enduring, and sturdy. It is designed to stay resistant to corrosion, humidity, and dust. Therefore you can safely use it for an external environment without adding any additional protective layer. Certainly, it is quite suitable for remote applications.

  • The panel PC 

The panel PC comes with a consolidated keyboard, display monitor, and one touch screen. The PC can be substituted or adjusted with any I o module complying with the industry norm. The embedded computers have an easy to interact interface which allows humans to interact easily. To protect from shock or other toxic materials the touch screen needs to be handled with gloves. They are mostly recommended for places like packaging industries, the robotic arms industry, processing machine places. 

  • The mini PC 

These embedded computers are small in terms of size. You can get this at a pocket-friendly price. To accomplish Intelligent work it is better to rely on mini pcs. The best part is that they can be confined to small-sized areas. Security networks, VPN routers use the mini PC as it provides security. At the same time work quite seamlessly. 

  • The industrial rackmount sever 

The embedded computers of this particular type are architectured to be installed on the rack with the others servers piled up on the top. It comes with gravity duty memory and a CPU designed to work steadfastly in acrid environmental conditions. It can stay tolerant to varied temperature conditions ranging from 40 to 70 degrees. 

  • The vehicle computer 

Vehicle embedded computers are the ones that can be set up in vehicles. The fanless design makes it a preferable choice. It is so designed to resist dust, humidity, unfavorable temperature, and vibration. They facilities users with remote communication. It has mobile features that make it distinguished. You can trace their applicability in responsive vehicles like ambulances, fire brigades, and police vans. 

  • The IoT gateway 

The IoT gateway is an extension that helps to connect various communication technologies like interfaces, protocols, and connectivity. Moreover, it links the internet and IoT sensors. Additionally, it interprets protocols, garners data from outside sources. Also pre-processes the data. 

Difference between embedded computer, industrial PC, IoT gateway 

Embedded computers are engineered to be placed inside the larger machines. They are found in varied shapes and sizes varying from small-sized ARm machines to giant military vehicles. Embedded computers are an indispensable creation. It played a key medium in connecting the cloud, things, places, machines, and people. It is the vital creator to make headway to the Internet of Things. 

Pros of the embedded computers 

  • The central processing unit in the core of the embedded computers is designed simply. So it becomes hassle-free to maintain. They can carry out their task dedicatedly and efficiently because of the handful of programs. 
  • The development cost of the embedded computer is quite pocket-friendly. It is because they are made of small-sized parts. 
  • Accessibility and servicing of embedded computers are impossible as they are placed inside a larger machine. This is the reason why developers do build it with great attention. One most important thing is that embedded computers are difficult to repair. Intelligent programming deters it from impacting other parts in and around. 
  • No remote maintenance is required because it is programmed with an internal power supply. 
  • Embedded computers do not require any incessant maintenance or servicing. 

Cons of the embedded computers 

  • They are not designed to perform multiple tasks. They can only handle one task at a time. 
  • They are not programmed to support any kind of external device. 

Applicability of the embedded computers 

The popularity of embedded computers is quite far-reaching. Their mandatory presence makes electronic gadgets undeniably productive. Their application areas are quite broad so let’s explore some of them in the low down section. 

  • Surveillance and security 

The best thing about the embedded computer is that it can work round the clock. This is the reason why Ip cameras or inbuilt sensors in the mobile use this. One can set up this both at the public areas and home. 

  • Machine sight 

The embedded computers rely on high-end software and industrially accomplished hardware to scrutinize the image sensory data. Indeed this aspect makes it a necessary addition in manufacturing co-bot and lights out. 

  • Digital display 

The contribution of embedded computers in high-resolution displays led panels, and projectors are undeniably great. It helps to put the necessary information on the screen. 

  • Smooth connectivity 

The embedded computers allow fast and safe channeling of data with the help of smooth connectivity. It even allows transporting things from trains to flights. 

  • Self interactive and service smart Kiosk machines 

The interactive interface and easy to touch screens of embedded computers offer a smooth experience to users. Embedded computers are often used in shopping malls because they allow users to use them quickly as required. Manufacturers with expertise in developing kiosk machines craft machines with embedded cameras, sensors, and touch screens. To get a seamless operational experience use embedded hardware and top-notch software. 

Difference between the General computers and embedded computers 

If you closely analyze the contrast between the general computers and embedded computers you will see both are quite different from each other. The significant difference between the two is that general computers are designed to perform multiple works at the same time. While embedded computers are crafted to perform a particular task. 

General computers have motherboards that permit their parts to be replaced as required. On the other hand, the embedded computers come with the printed circuit or in the built motherboard which can neither be replaced nor expanded. 

General computers have ample scope for development, it can be attached to external devices or peripherals. While the chance is limited for the embedded computers 

Functions of embedded computers 

Embedded computers are one of the frequently used microprocessors. Obviously, in the present world, its requirement is outstanding. 

  • It can easily reach the areas where humans find it hard to penetrate. It can conveniently work in acrid climatic conditions. 
  • It can work round the clock without any maintenance. 
  • As embedded computers are placed inside the machine they help the gadgets to perform smoothly. 
  • It performs various other tasks like acting as a communicator among various channels. It also helps to access and store data conveniently. 
  • Its flexible design allows it to adjust in any place easily. 


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